TechElon Musk’s Twitter Role Puts Tesla Board Under New...

Elon Musk’s Twitter Role Puts Tesla Board Under New Scrutiny


Since Elon Musk took over Twitter final month, his stewardship of the social community has been marked by turmoil, intrigue and no scarcity of questions. Right here’s one: How a lot time is he spending on his job as chief govt of Tesla, the electric-car maker?

Robyn Denholm, Tesla’s chairwoman, testified in court docket final week that though she didn’t know the reply, she was not perturbed. “The quantum of time isn’t a measure that considerations me,” she mentioned. “It’s extra the outcomes that he’s in a position to drive.”

However as Mr. Musk has turn out to be consumed with Twitter, Tesla is going through a variety of threats to its enterprise and its inventory worth has been plunging. Some company governance consultants say Tesla’s board wants to make sure that the corporate has a chief who isn’t distracted.

“They’re violating their fiduciary accountability in the event that they don’t deal with that difficulty head on,” mentioned William Klepper, a professor of administration at Columbia Enterprise Faculty.

Tesla’s board has lengthy been criticized by shareholder teams for missing independence from Mr. Musk. When Tesla’s inventory worth was hovering and the corporate appeared to have the electric-car market largely to itself, that argument discovered little resonance.

Now Tesla is going through a lot fiercer competitors, particularly in China, an enormous marketplace for the corporate, and it’s nonetheless contending with provide chain issues and scrutiny of questions of safety with its driver-assistance techniques. Its inventory has plummeted practically 60 % from its peak a 12 months in the past; since Mr. Musk purchased Twitter final month, the S&P 500 inventory index has risen 4.5 %, however Tesla shares are down 25 %. Mr. Musk has bought roughly $30 billion of Tesla inventory this 12 months and final, partly to assist finance his Twitter acquisition.

“I’d count on {that a} good board could be doing all the things it could actually to make sure that a C.E.O. was sufficiently centered on their firm,” mentioned Brianna Castro, senior director of U.S. analysis at Glass Lewis, a shareholder advisory agency. “And in conditions just like Tesla’s, an excellent board could be involved why their inventory is down when the market is up, and doing what they will to deal with any points.”

Some company governance consultants are involved that the board members’ views could also be clouded by their private relationships with Mr. Musk. Mr. Musk’s brother, Kimbal, is a member, and different administrators, like James Murdoch, a media govt and a son of Rupert Murdoch, are longtime buddies of Mr. Musk. Some Tesla board members have monetary ties to Mr. Musk’s different companies, like SpaceX, the rocket firm.

One other issue: Tesla’s administrators obtain compensation, virtually completely in inventory, that’s many instances bigger than what administrators get at different giant firms, enabling a few of them to amass fortunes through the years.

“If the pay is so compelling that the director goes to be motivated to do no matter is fairly attainable to maintain that gravy prepare rolling,” mentioned Marc Goldstein, head of U.S. analysis at ISS Governance, a shareholder advisory group, “that can intrude with the director exercising unbiased oversight over the administration workforce.” ISS has really useful voting towards re-electing sure Tesla administrators.

Mr. Musk and Tesla didn’t reply to requests for remark.

Ms. Denholm’s testimony within the Delaware Court docket of Chancery final week arose over a pay deal Mr. Musk acquired in 2018 that ended up awarding him tens of billions of {dollars} Tesla inventory. A shareholder filed a lawsuit asserting that the payout was extreme and that the board didn’t act with ample independence when approving it.

Mr. Musk was each chief govt and chairman of Tesla till he was required to step down as chairman as a part of a settlement with the Securities and Change Fee in 2018 to resolve securities fraud costs.

Ms. Denholm, a former telecom govt who assumed the chair, has made big sums as a director. Her compensation, composed virtually completely of inventory choices, was $5.8 million in 2020, nicely in extra of the common pay for a director at a big public firm.

A research by Steven Corridor, a compensation marketing consultant, confirmed that director pay was on common simply over $300,000 at giant firms in 2020. On the greater finish, John L. Hennessy, the chairman of Alphabet, Google’s mum or dad, had compensation of $620,000 final 12 months.

And Tesla securities filings present that since 2014, the corporate awarded Ms. Denholm compensation, paid virtually fully in Tesla inventory choices, that the corporate valued at greater than $30 million. As Tesla’s inventory rose in worth, she was in a position to promote her shares for vital beneficial properties. Since 2020, she has bought Tesla inventory value $280 million, in keeping with securities filings. Ms. Denholm didn’t reply to requests for remark.

Within the trial over the shareholder swimsuit, legal professionals for the plaintiff, who desires Mr. Musk’s 2018 pay deal to be voided, sought to point out that Tesla’s board was extra like a non-public membership than a committee of seasoned professionals devoted to looking for shareholders. Tesla administrators detailed their private connections to Mr. Musk and typically with each other.

A few of them pointed to the sharp rise within the firm’s inventory worth since 2019 as proof that Mr. Musk had accomplished an amazing job and was invaluable to the automaker.

Ira Ehrenpreis, an investor who heads Tesla’s compensation committee, has been near Mr. Musk for years. In accordance with court docket paperwork, he helped Mr. Musk design the 2018 pay deal, which, after Mr. Musk fulfilled 11 of 12 efficiency objectives, paid out inventory now value about $40 billion, at Tesla’s present share worth.

In 2018, Tesla paid Mr. Ehrenpreis practically $10 million, virtually all in inventory choices, to cowl three years, for his board duties. He didn’t reply to requests for remark.

Antonio Gracias, an investor who was on Tesla’s board till final 12 months, acknowledged in court docket that he had identified Mr. Musk for greater than 20 years and that the 2 had endured “quite a lot of robust instances” collectively, bringing them nearer. He acknowledged he and Mr. Musk had vacationed collectively, been to one another’s properties, shared meals and mentioned their youngsters. Mr. Gracias additionally acknowledged that he attended Mr. Musk’s second marriage ceremony and Kimbal Musk’s marriage ceremony, and that he was pleasant with Mr. Musk’s mom and sister. Mr. Gracias acknowledged he had been on ski journeys with Mr. Musk and described James Murdoch as “a fantastic skier.”

Mr. Gracias mentioned he was in a position to keep his independence whereas vacationing with Mr. Musk due to their “trusting and respecting relationship.” Mr. Gracias didn’t reply to requests for remark for this text.

In court docket, Mr. Murdoch mentioned he met Elon Musk within the late Nineties when Mr. Musk was engaged on a digital promoting enterprise. The 2 reconnected after Mr. Murdoch, then dwelling in Britain, bought one of many first Tesla autos bought in Europe and Mr. Musk reached out to thank him. Mr. Murdoch mentioned he had been to Jerusalem and Mexico with Mr. Musk and his household. He additionally acknowledged he had attended Kimbal Musk’s marriage ceremony, dined with Kimbal Musk and his spouse and personally invested in SpaceX. Mr. Murdoch additionally mentioned he had bought shares of Tesla earlier than becoming a member of its board.

Since becoming a member of the board in 2017, Mr. Murdoch has acquired $11 million, largely in inventory choices, for being a Tesla director and has a stake within the firm value greater than $200 million, in keeping with estimates primarily based on Tesla’s securities disclosures. Mr. Murdoch didn’t reply to requests for touch upon his Tesla holdings and whether or not the board was doing sufficient to make sure that Mr. Musk was not distracted.

Mr. Murdoch testified within the Delaware court docket {that a} board committee was monitoring the scenario at Twitter, including that Mr. Musk had in current months recognized a possible successor at Tesla however didn’t say who it was.

In court docket final week, Mr. Musk sought to make mild of inferences that Tesla’s board was an elite membership of buddies. When requested about his holidays with Mr. Murdoch, he mentioned his break day was much less centered round leisure and extra on getting work accomplished, describing it as “e-mail with a view.”


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