OpinionOpinion | Electrical Automobiles: How one can Win Over...

Opinion | Electrical Automobiles: How one can Win Over Customers

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To the Editor:

Re “A 300-Mile Vary Is the Unsuitable Objective for Electrical Automobiles,” by Edward Niedermeyer (Opinion visitor essay, Aug. 29):

This essay appears to carry a considerably privileged view of vehicles and the position they play in right this moment’s American households. No, we could not have to drive 300 miles fairly often — however when we have to drive that far, we regularly actually have to go on that journey.

A automotive that travels lengthy distances allows us to attend funerals out of city, search remedy for severe sickness at faraway hospitals, take youngsters on faculty journeys or transfer throughout the nation. Many individuals can’t afford to fly or take the prepare. A automotive is freedom, and limiting individuals to 300 or fewer miles between costs additionally limits their entry to household, pals, training, job alternatives, nature, leisure and extra.

I perceive how tough growing electrical automobiles and their batteries will be. However take into consideration the affect these charging limits would have on lower-income people. How would they afford a small electrical car for each day use and a hybrid truck for lengthy journeys, because the essay suggests?

Automotive producers have to make automobiles that work for all, not only a privileged few.

Patricia Ferrito
Angola, N.Y.

To the Editor:

I agree with Edward Niedermeyer.

If G.M. can promote a 260-mile electrical automotive (the Bolt) for the mid-$20,000s after federal incentives, a 100-mile model of the automotive may are available in underneath $15,000 and undercut each different car available on the market. That’s when the E.V. “revolution” will actually take off.

Low cost, dependable city automobiles are common in Europe and may very well be excellent commuter vehicles inside dense city areas in the US.

Steve Morris
Lake Forest Park, Wash.

To the Editor:

The subsidies in assist of pricy electrical automobiles haven’t introduced down costs. As an alternative, with provide chain constraints, costs are rising. Edward Niedermeyer writes that “the trail to decrease battery prices is extracting and processing minerals at an amazing scale.” I’ve some information. We will’t simply dig our manner out of this downside.

We have to assault it the old school American manner: Invent our manner out. This implies devise a brand new battery chemistry that requires no cobalt, no nickel, no manganese and no lithium, however as a substitute is made of drugs which are earth-abundant and available right here in North America. It’s time to cease propping up the drained 30-year-old lithium-ion battery know-how as a key enabler of the inexperienced transition.

Invented in America, sourced in America and made in America: That’s the prescription for independence from Chinese language battery provide chain dominance.

Donald R. Sadoway
Cambridge, Mass.
The author is emeritus professor of supplies chemistry on the Massachusetts Institute of Expertise and a co-founder of the battery firm Avanti.

To the Editor:

Individuals who dwell in Mountain States or the Nice Plains routinely drive three-digit distances. Have you ever appeared on the Dakotas? Nebraska? Colorado? Texas? The prospect of grinding to a halt in the midst of, say, Montana or Nevada is assured to cancel the attraction of a short-run E.V.

Take into account, too, Midwestern winters with their occasional blizzards. Although you’d keep away from touring in such climate, typically you don’t have a selection (a delivery, or a demise …). Who desires to be stranded in a whiteout on a closed interstate in Kansas? Not my most well-liked technique to die.

Recharging stations are almost nonexistent in lots of areas of the sprawling West and Midwest. Till they turn out to be ubiquitous, there’s a marketplace for these huge batteries.

Lynn Evenson
Ely, Minn.

To the Editor:

I agree that the 300-mile-range battery is the unsuitable aim. Here’s a thought experiment. Would that battery capability nonetheless be the auto trade’s aim if a rail system adequately met the typical household’s wants for extra prolonged journey?

In different nations, trains present the potential to make prolonged journey doable with out utilizing the household car. In the US, such a rail system would end result within the 300-mile battery serving solely a small area of interest market, not the mass market aim presently pursued. It’s the present inadequacies of our long-distance public transport that helps gasoline the auto trade’s battery pursuits.

Philip Q. Hanser
Newton, Mass.
The author is a lecturer in economics at Northeastern College.

To the Editor:

Re “Paddling Makes a Comeback in Missouri” (information article, Aug. 29):

Let me perceive this: Establishments of studying are instructing youngsters what? Oh, OK, I get it now. Hitting a toddler with a wood paddle is the way in which to show them to behave and present respect.

Does it work? No. Numerous scientific research have proven that bodily punishment just isn’t efficient. Humiliation and ache result in alienation, bitterness and revenge — not elevated self-control, cooperation and empathy.

So, in whose curiosity is that this brutality? Maybe pissed off lecturers and oldsters achieve reduction by administering corporal punishment. (How does this sq. with anti-bullying campaigns? Oh, wait, it doesn’t.)

For starters, what about investing in ample psychological well being companies, providing father or mother education schemes, and coaching lecturers in efficient classroom administration methods?

Youngsters profit extra from a serving to hand than from a placing one.

Lawrence Balter
New York
The author is professor emeritus of utilized psychology at New York College and the writer of “Who’s in Management? Dr. Balter’s Information to Self-discipline With out Fight.”

To the Editor:

Re “A Truthful Auctioned a Beloved Goat. Its Homeowners Filed a Federal Lawsuit” (information article, Sept. 4):

I’m the manager director of Woodstock Farm Sanctuary, a house to 400 rescued farmed animals within the Hudson Valley. I’ve been following the story of Cedar, the goat who was seized and killed after the younger woman who raised him by a 4-H program to be auctioned on the Shasta District Truthful wished to save lots of his life and hold him secure. I’m saddened however not stunned by the result.

There are such a lot of accounts of traumatized youngsters making an attempt to save lots of the lives of the animals they raised in 4-H, in addition to of adults who’re nonetheless haunted by the recollections of the animals who trusted them and have been auctioned off to be killed. Woodstock Sanctuary is main a coalition of farmed animal sanctuaries across the nation to coach the general public about state and county festivals and their position in perpetuating the myths that animal farming is sweet and pure and with out victims.

Cedar and the kid who raised him for public sale after which modified her thoughts after she developed a friendship with him are each victims of 4-H and the Shasta District Truthful. I hope Cedar’s buddy will get some peace figuring out that she tried to save lots of his life, and I’m so sorry this occurred to them each.

Rachel McCrystal
Excessive Falls, N.Y.

To the Editor:

The unfairness of slaughtering a toddler’s beloved pet jogs my memory of Fern Arable in “Charlotte’s Internet” when she noticed her father heading to the hoghouse along with his ax: “That is probably the most horrible case of injustice I ever heard of.” Out of the mouth of a fictional 8-year-old got here knowledge. Thanks, E.B. White.

Arthur C. Benedict
Peaks Island, Maine

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